Innovation such as the artificial ventilation, air conditioning systems, and the X-ray machine allowed to concentrate the medical knowledge entirely in the hands of the hospital employees. Educator and cultural critic Neil Postman noted “Technology was to be the weapon with which disease and illness would be vanquished…….1. Medicine is about the disease, not the patient, 2. What the patient knows is untrustworthy; what the machine knows is reliable.”
In the current of these thoughts tragically but true is pointed the state of todays’ hospital operating standards. Architecture of hospitals has become merely a dress up for institutionalized systematical procedures, addressing biological problematic matter in our humanity. The separation of the human from what is viewed as a patient could not be more accented. Current hospital designs are praised to accommodate rapid and chaotic changes in urbanization and suburbanization, medical improvements, technological demands, and in this process vital principles as healing environment, wholeness of mind body and spirit, connection to nature and human communication were relegated to the past.
By now it is well acknowledged among professionals and architects that hospitals’ building typology has profound application over the essence of provided healthcare. Stephen Verderber concludes ” The Hospital as a machine for healing has become an anachronism. As a building type, the hospital remains a curious amalgam, with medical technology often pitted against human concerns…..There is little doubt that architecture can, and should, play a crucial role in humanizing the hospital.” The road map to successful social sustainable healthcare practice begins to unfold when specific goals within the contexts of people centered cooperative practices, and humanized architecture are identified. Thus what are the primary aspects of the medical delivery system which are shaping the current design archetype? What are the new trends of physical and psychological healthcare; understandings of medicine, technology, and patient and how are they profiling the hospital building stereotype? ( Gail Vittori and Robin Guenther, 2008)